Unnati Sansthan works in Udaipur and Dungarpur Districts of Southern Rajasthan. This region is characterised by hilly and arid terrain, lack of water, a large tribal population and poor socioeconomic indicators. The majority of the population survives off subsistence agriculture on small land-holdings.
The rural landscape means that there is limited access to education, health care, energy and transportation facilities. Children often have to travel many kilometres to the nearest school and hospitals normally only exist in the larger towns. These factors have created a deeply fragile environment in which families can easily be pushed into starvation. As a result of this, many children are involved in migrant labour in order to provide their families with an additional income. This results in children being unable to gain an education, perpetuating the cycle of poverty for another generation.